Repairing a Broken Mast
A mast is a tall upright post, sparing or other structures on a ship or boat, in sailing vessels generally carrying a sail or sails. The mast plays an essential role —to support sales, which allows the wind to propel ships. They are usually supported by ropes on ships or boats to enable them to work properly. Its purposes include carrying sails as well as spars, together with derricks, and giving necessary height to a navigation light, look-out position, signal yard, control position, radio aerial or signal lamp. Large ships have several masts, with size as well as configuration depending on style of ship. Nearly all sailing masts depend on guy lines for stability.
Sailors can repair or replace broken poles by pegging a step that has a favorably little depth similar to a pole arched step to a keel. An old Viking Sailing ship, a Viking mast, has been erected into a shallow plug, yet is supported to remain erected vertically by strengthening the 3 cables. Polynesian outriggers are made of two outrigger canoes at the ends, and a pole vault foot at either end. There are two cables tightened to the edges at the middle of the canoe.
Depending on the direction of wind, a mast is lifted, a sail position is changed, and all to the other step. All these processes are done after the mast is supported for moving briskly by the same cables and a canoe changed direction: back became front, but it was quick hence required one steering paddle. Lashings could be used to repair a spar, restore height to a broken mast or transform a small square rig craft into a cat rig to use what was left after storm damage. Broken horizontals can be extended by lashing or tying an extra pole to what remains. Dhows can be repaired by tying poles to broken sections to a point where it is not easy to determine an initial arrangement.
According to John Carlton, “It is worth noting in respect to this that a three masted sailing ship was in fact a nine masted sailing ship. The main top mast was stepped on top of the main mast, and the top gallant mast was stepped on top of the top section, so that the main mast really consisted of three separate masts. ” In case of an accident in a water body, occasionally an upper section of masts came down.
This is because the lower section was footed on the keel, heavily supported by a number of inter-sectional cables as well as pole to pole supportive ropes or stays that are, forestay and mainstays as well as mizzen stays. Recent ships’ lower section masts were commonly attached to steel as well as iron. Their bases were significantly stronger, unique as well as having lower chances of failing. Strong bases were used as foundations for two upper divisions, usually wood, stepped on it.
Ben Okopnik suggests in his article that repairing a post required much engagement during the age of navigation. Okopnik explains that square rigs did not need special skills unlike modern posts because once yards are raised and sails bent onto them, a ship is good to go. In a situation where a pole broke above the deck, usually due to shroud failure, the stump would be cleaned as well as drilling done into it. Broken pieces would be hoisted at the top, and then the two would be lashed together.
Sea sailors are advised to carry with them spare poles to aid their sea traveling in a situation where a pole gets damaged. Machines might as well help in the repair process for recent shipping models. Welding machines can be of essential use for joining steel as well posts made from aluminum. Knowledge about ships has advanced in that there are smart machines that may require special skills to operate.
During earlier times, navigation could be as dangerous as causing death of people. Today, the technology has made it simpler in managing navigation in the sea. Radar fitted in sea vessels helps in detecting land objects that may cause an accident as well as provide a navigation angle to avoid collision. The radar sends signals about the location of sea vessels, and this aids in controlling sea course activities.